Dental implants are a popular option for replacing missing teeth. They offer several benefits over traditional dentures or bridges, including improved functionality, aesthetics, and comfort. If you’re considering dental implants, it’s important to understand the basics of the procedure, including the types of implants available, the process of getting implants, and the aftercare required to maintain them.
Types of Dental Implants
There are two main types of dental implants joliet il: endosteal and subperiosteal. Endosteal implants are the most common type and involve surgically placing a titanium post into the jawbone. This post serves as the root of the tooth and supports the replacement tooth or bridge. Subperiosteal implants are less common and involve placing a metal frame onto the jawbone, with the replacement tooth or bridge attached to the frame.
The Dental Implant Procedure
The dental implant procedure typically involves several steps, including:
The first step is a consultation with a dental implant specialist. During the consultation, the dentist will evaluate your oral health and discuss your options for implants.
Before the implant can be placed, any remaining tooth or root must be removed. The dentist may also need to perform bone grafting if there is not enough bone in the jaw to support the implant.
The implant is surgically placed into the jawbone. The implant is left to heal for several months, during which time the jawbone fuses with the implant in a process called osseointegration.
After the implant has healed, an abutment is placed onto the implant. The abutment serves as the connector between the implant and the replacement tooth or bridge.
Replacement tooth or bridge
The final step is attaching the replacement tooth or bridge onto the abutment. The replacement tooth or bridge is custom-made to match your natural teeth and provide a natural appearance and functionality.
Aftercare for Dental Implants
Aftercare for dental implants is important to maintain their longevity and functionality. Some aftercare tips include
- Regular oral hygiene: Brushing and flossing regularly is important to prevent plaque buildup around the implant, which can lead to infection and gum disease.
- Regular dental visits: Regular dental checkups and cleanings are important to monitor the health of the implant and detect any potential issues early.
- Avoiding hard or sticky foods: Chewing on hard or sticky foods can damage the implant or the replacement tooth or bridge.
- Quitting smoking: Smoking can increase the risk of implant failure, as it can interfere with the healing process and cause inflammation.
Benefits of Dental Implants
Dental implants offer several benefits over traditional dentures or bridges, including:
- Improved functionality: Dental implants function like natural teeth, allowing you to eat and speak without restrictions.
- Improved aesthetics: Dental implants look and feel like natural teeth, providing a natural appearance.
- Improved comfort: Dental implants are more comfortable than dentures, as they are fixed in place and do not require removal for cleaning.
- Improved oral health: Dental implants can help to prevent bone loss and gum recession, which can occur when a tooth is missing.
- Longevity: With proper care, dental implants can last a lifetime, making them a cost-effective option over time.
Risks and Complications
While dental implants are generally safe and effective, there are some risks and potential complications associated with the procedure. These may include:
- Infection. There is a risk of infection following the implant placement surgery, which may require antibiotics or additional treatment.
- Implant failure. In some cases, the implant may not fuse properly with the jawbone or may become loose over time, requiring additional surgery or replacement.
- Nerve damage. There is a risk of nerve damage during the surgery, which can result in numbness, tingling, or pain in the lips, tongue, or chin.
- Sinus problems. Implants in the upper jaw may protrude into the sinus cavities, leading to sinus problems.
It’s important to discuss the risks and potential complications with your dental implant specialist before undergoing the procedure.